DETROIT DIESEL 53
Operating Instructions 13.1
Fill the fuel tank with the fuel specified under Diesel Fuel Oil Specifications in Section 13.3.
If the unit is equipped with a fuel valve, it must be opened.
To ensure prompt starting, fill the fuel system between the pump and the fuel return manifold with fuel. If the engine has
been out of service for a considerable length of time, prime the filter between the fuel pump and the injectors. The filter
may be primed by removing the plug in the top of the filter cover and slowly filling the filter with fuel.
Fill all grease cups and lubricate at all fittings with an all purpose grease. Apply lubricating oil to the throttle linkage and
other moving parts and fill the hinged cap oilers with a hand oiler.
Adjust all drive belts as recommended under Lubrication and Preventive Maintenance in Section 15.1.
Check the battery. The top should be clean and dry, the terminals tight and protected with a coat of petroleum jelly and
the electrolyte must be at the proper level.
NOTE: When necessary, check the battery with a hydrometer; the reading should be 1.265 or higher. However,
hydrometer readings should always be corrected for the temperature of the electrolyte.
Where applicable, fill the generator end bearing housing with the same lubricating oil as used in the engine.
A generator set should be connected and grounded in accordance with the applicable local electrical codes.
CAUTION: The base of a generator set must be grounded.
Disengage the clutch, if the unit is so equipped.
Before starting the engine for the first time, perform the operations listed under Preparation For Starting Engine First
Before a routine start, see Daily Operations in the Lubrication and Preventive Maintenance Chart, Section 15.1.
A manual shut-down system is incorporated in the unit, the control must be set in the open position before starting the
engine. The blower will be seriously damaged if operated with the air shut-off valve in the closed position.
Starting at air temperatures below 40° F requires the use of a cold weather starting aid. See Cold Weather Starting,
The instructions for the use of a cold weather fluid starting aid will vary dependent on the type being used. Reference
should be made to these instructions before attempting a cold weather start.
CAUTION: Starting fluid used in capsules is highly inflammable, toxic and possesses anesthetic properties.
Initial Engine Start (Electric)
Start an engine equipped with an electric starting motor as follows: Set the speed control lever at part throttle, then bring
it back to the desired no-load speed. In addition, on mechanical governors, make sure the stop lever on the governor
cover is in the run position. Then press the starting