DETROIT DIESEL 53
PREPARING ENGINE FOR STORAGE
completely from any exposed part before applying a
When an engine is to be stored or removed from
rust preventive compound. Therefore, it is recommen-
operation for a period of time, special precautions
ded that the engine be processed for storage as soon as
should be taken to protect the interior and exterior of
possible after removal from operation.
the engine, transmission and other parts from rust
accumulation and corrosion. The parts requiring
The engine should be stored in a building which is dry
attention and the recommended preparations are
and can be heated during the winter months. Moisture
absorbing chemicals are available commercially for
use when excessive dampness prevails in the storage
It will be necessary to remove all rust or corrosion
TEMPORARY STORAGE (30 days or less)
period, add a high boiling point type antifreeze
To protect an engine for a temporary period of time,
solution in accordance with the manufacturers
proceed as follows:
recommendations. Drain the raw water system and
1. Drain the engine crankcase.
leave the drain cocks open.
6. Clean the entire exterior of the engine (except the
2. Fill the crankcase to the proper level with the
electrical system) with fuel oil and dry it with
recommended viscosity and grade of oil.
3. Fill the fuel tank with the recommended grade of
7. Seal all of the engine openings. The material used
fuel oil. Operate the engine for two minutes at 1200
for this purpose must be waterproof, vaporproof and
rpm and no load.
possess sufficient physical strength to resist puncture
and damage from the expansion of entrapped air.
NOTE: Do not drain the fuel system or the
crankcase after this run.
An engine prepared in this manner can be returned to
service in a short time by removing the seals at the
4. Check the air cleaner and service it, if necessary, as
engine openings, checking the engine coolant, fuel oil,
outlined in Section 3.1.
lubricating oil, transmission, and priming the raw
water pump, if used.
5. If freezing weather is expected during the storage
EXTENDED STORAGE (30 days or more)
6. Circulate the coolant through the entire system by
When an engine is to be removed from operation for
operating the engine until normal operating tempera-
an extended period of time, prepare it as follows:
ture is reached ( 160 °F. to 185 °F.).
1. Drain and thoroughly flush the cooling system with
7. Stop the engine.
clean, soft water.
8. Remove the drain plug and completely drain the
2. Refill the cooling system with clean, soft water.
engine crankcase. Reinstall and tighten the drain plug.
Install new lubricating oil filter elements and gaskets.
3. Add a rust inhibitor to the cooling system (refer to
Corrosion Inhibitors in Section 13.3).
9. Fill the crankcase to the proper level with a 30-
4. Remove, check and recondition the injectors, if
Grade 2(P10), or equivalent.
necessary. to make sure they will be ready to operate
when the engine is restored to service.
10. Drain the engine fuel tank.
5. Reinstall the injectors in the engine, time them, and
11. Refill the fuel tank with enough rust preventive
adjust the exhaust valve clearance.
SEC. 15.3 Page 1